GURUKUL INFORMATICS

The Verbs


 

A word or group of words (Phrasal Verbs) that expresses an action (such as eat), an event (such as happen), possession (such as have) or a state (such as exist). In other words we may call it as saying words.

 

There are two kinds of verbs. they are

 (a) Finite

(b) Non-finite

 

Finite Verbs are of four kinds:

(a) Principle Verbs

(b) Main Verbs

(c) Modal Verbs

(d) Auxiliary Verbs

 

Non-Finite Verbs are of four kinds:

(a) Infinitives

(b) Moods  

(c) Gerunds

(d) Participles

 

 

Finite Verbs:

A Finite Verb form or clause shows a particular tense, person and number:

‘Am’, ‘is’, ‘are’, ‘was’ and ‘were’ are the Finite forms of ‘be’; ‘being’, and ‘been’ are the Non-Finite forms. Follows are Finite Verbs:

(a)      Principle Verbs

(b)     Main Verbs

(c)      Modal Verbs

(d)     Auxiliary Verbs

 

Non-Finite Verbs:

A Non-Finite Verb form or clause does not show a particular tense, person and number:

‘Am’, ‘is’, ‘are’, ‘was’ and ‘were’ are the Finite forms of ‘be’; ‘being’, and ‘been’ are the Non-Finite forms. Follows are Finite Verbs:

(e)      Infinitive Verbs

(f)      Moods

(g)     Gerunds

(h)     Participle

 

Finite & Non-Finite Forms of Verb

Noun

V1

V2

V3

V4

Example

Present

Tense

Past

Tense

Past

Participle

Present

Participle

To Call

Call

Called

Called

Calling

To Be 

Be

Been

Been

Being

 

Finite Verbs

Non-Finite Verbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principle Verbs:

Principle Verbs are those verbs on which a rule or a theory of English Grammar is based on:

 

There are only three Principle Verbs i.e. Be, Do and Have.

 

The Finite forms of Principle Verbs

Principle Verbs

Present Tense

Past Tense

 

Person

Sing.

Plural

Sing.

Plural

To Be

Ist

Am

Are

Was

Were

IInd

Are

Are

Were

Were

IIIrd

Is

Are

Was

Were

To Do

Ist

Do

Do

Did

Did

IInd

Do

Do

Did

Did

IIIrd

Does

Do

Did

Did

To Have

Ist

Have

Have

Had

Had

IInd

Have

Have

Had

Had

IIIrd

Has

Have

Had

Had

 

Note:

  1. Principle Verbs have only two Finite forms. So, excluding Past and Present Tense Principle Verbs are used in its original form instead of its finite form.

Examples:

(a)     He is a doctor. (Used finite form of be i.e. ‘is’)

(b)    He will be a doctor. (Used Principle Verbs)

 

  1. Finite Principle Verbs can be used with the Non-Finite form of other or same verb. To form Continuous, Perfect and Perfect Continuous Tense.

Examples:

(a)     She is writing a letter. ( Form Continuous Tense)

(b)    She has written a letter. (Form Perfect Tense)

(c)     She has been writing a letter. (Form Perfect Continuous Tense)

Principle Verbs are also called as ‘General Verbs’. Because it is the only verb which is used in each sentence either in the form of Main Verb or Auxiliary Verb.