GURUKUL INFORMATICS

The Adjectives


 

What is an Adjective?

An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun. (By "noun" we include pronouns and noun phrases.)

  • An adjective "qualifies" or "modifies" a noun (a big dog).
  • Adjectives can be used before a noun (I like Chinese food) or after certain verbs (It is hard).
  • We can often use two or more adjectives together (a beautiful young French lady).

 

Kinds of Adjectives

 There are different kinds of adjectives.

 

1. Adjectives of quality

 

Adjectives of quality describe the kind, quality or characteristic of a person, animal, place or thing.

 
  • He is a clever boy.
  • She is a brilliant student.
  • He is an honest man.

Adjectives formed from proper nouns are also called adjectives of quality. Examples are: Persian carpets, Indian flag, British parliament etc. 

 

2. Adjectives of quantity

Adjectives of quantity describe how much of a thing is meant. Examples are: some, any, little, enough, all, much etc.

  • We need some rice.
  • He drank all the milk.
  • Is there any milk in the bottle?

 

3. Adjectives of Number

Adjectives of number indicate how many persons or things are meant. Examples are: few, many, several, two, five, second, fifth etc.

  • Two girls came.
  • She is the first woman toclimbMt. Everest.
  • He has written many books.

 

4. Distributive adjectives

Each, every, either and neither are called distributive adjectives.

  • She had a child hanging onto each hand.
  • I have invited every friend I have.

 5. Demonstrative adjectives

This, that, these and those are called demonstrative adjectives.

  • Bring me that chair.
  • Who is this girl?
  • Those mangoes are all ripe.

6. Interrogative adjectives

Interrogative adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Examples are: which, what, whose etc.

  • Which shirt shall I buy?
  • Whose son is he?

Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives indicate possession. Examples are: my, his, her, our, their, your, its.

  • He is my father.
  • She is our teacher.
  • Is this your bag?

 

Exercise

A list of words is given below. Find out which among them are adjectives.

Clever, hot, cried, pleasant, brightly, efficiently, attractive, often, honesty, brilliance, efficiency, stopped, acted, smooth, quality, brave