GURUKUL INFORMATICS

The Pronoun


 

Definition:

A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. You use pronouns like "he," "which," "none," and "you" to make your sentences less cumbersome and less repetitive.

 

Kinds of Pronoun:

1. Personal Pronoun–I, we, you, he, she, it, they, mine, our, your, yours, his, her, its, their, me, us, him, her, them.

 

2. Demonstrative Pronoun–this, that, these, those.

 

3. Indefinite Pronoun–all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, each one, either, everybody, everyone, everything, few, least, many, more, most, much, neither, none, no one, nobody, nothing, one, other, several, some, somebody, something.

 

4. Relative Pronoun–who, which, that, what, whose, of which, of that, of what, whom.

 

5. Interrogative Pronoun–who, which, what, whose, of which, of what, whom.

 

6. Numerical Pronoun–one, two, three, etc., first, second, third, etc.

 

7. Reflexive Pronoun–myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

 

8. Emphatic Pronoun–myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

 

9. Intensive Pronoun–myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

 

10.    Reciprocal Pronoun–each other, one another


Cases of Pronouns

 

 SubjectivePossessiveObjective
Singular
1st personImy, mineme
2nd personyouyour, yoursyou
3rd personhe
she
it
his
her, hers
its
him
her
it
Plural
1st personweour, oursus
2nd personyouyour, yoursyou
3rd persontheytheir, theirsthem

Examples (in each pair, the first sentence shows a subject pronoun, the second an object pronoun):

  • I like coffee. / Raj helped me.
  • Do you like coffee? / Raj loves you.
  • He runs fast. / Did Ram beat him?
  • She is clever. / Does Mary know her?
  • It doesn't work. / Can the man fix it?
  • We went home. / Anil drove us.
  • Do you need a table for three? / Did Raj and Mary beat youat doubles?
  • They played doubles. / Raj and Mary beat them.

When we are talking about a single thing, we almost always use it. However, there are a few exceptions. We may sometimes refer to an animal as he/him or she/her, especially if the animal is domesticated or a pet. Ships (and some other vessels or vehicles) as well as some countries are often treated as female and referred to as she/her. Here are some examples:

  • This is our dog Lucy. He's an Alsatian.
  • The Titanic was a great ship but she sank on her first voyage.
  • My first car was a Mini and I treated her like my wife.

For a single person, sometimes we don't know whether to use heor she. There are several solutions to this:

  • If a teacher needs help, he or she should see the principal.
  • If a teacher needs help, he should see the principal.
  • If a teacher needs help, they should see the principal.

We often use it to introduce a remark:

  • It is nice to have a holiday sometimes.
  • It is important to dress well.
  • It's difficult to find a job.
  • Is it normal to see them together?
  • It didn't take long to walk here.

We also often use it to talk about the weather, temperature, time and distance:

  • It's raining.
  • It will probably be hot tomorrow.
  • Is it nine o'clock yet?
  • It's 50 kilometres from here to Nagpur.

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