Parts of Speech

There are about 1,83,500 words in English. But not all words have the same use. For example, some words express "action". Other words express a "thing". Other words "join" one word to another word. These are the "building blocks" of the language. Think of them like the parts of our body. Each part of body functions different and when all come together form a structure called body. Similarly, we use the different types of word for different function. Each type of word has its own use and importance.


In English Language words are categorie into 8 basic types or classes. These classes are called "parts of speech". Parts of speech can also be called as the Forms of word.


It's quite important to recognize parts of speech. This helps you to analyze sentences and understand them properly. It also helps you to construct good sentences.


Parts of speech table

Parts of SpeechFunction or UseWordsSentence
NounsNaming words / To give names to Person, Place, or Thingspen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John, honesty, etcThis is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.
PronounsTo use instead of NounsI, you, he, she, us, them, that, these, himself, etcTara is Indian. She is beautiful.
AdjectivesTo describe or qualify Nounsa/an, the, 69, some, good, big, red, well, interestingMy dog is big. I like big dogs.
VerbsTo tell about Action / Existence / Possession(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, mustI like cricket.
AdverbsTo describe Adjective / Verb / Adverbquickly, silently, well, badly, very, reallyMy dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.
PrepositionsTo tell about Places of Nounto, at, after, on, butWe went to school on Monday.
ConjunctionsTo join the Words / Phrases / Sentencesand, but, whenI like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats.
Interjectionsshort exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentenceoh!, ouch!, hi!, wellOuch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.

* Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. Here, we use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are as follows:

  • Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech:
    • Lexical Verbs (work, like, run)
    • Auxiliary Verbs (be, have, must)
  • Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives


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